Back to Insights

3 Common Financing Types and How to Determine Which is Right for Your Business

Vanessa A. Zang, CPA
Vanessa A. Zang, CPA Director, Audit & Accounting

When considering financing options for your business, it's important to understand the different types available and determine which one aligns best with your company’s specific needs and objectives.

Here are three common financing types and elements to consider when choosing the right option for your business:

Equity Financing. Equity financing involves raising capital by selling shares or ownership stakes in the company. It can be sourced from angel investors, venture capitalists, or private equity investors.

Consider equity financing if you're seeking significant funding and are comfortable with potentially losing control of managerial or operational decisions.

Debt Financing. Debt financing involves borrowing money that must be repaid over a specified period, typically with interest. Bank loans are the most predominant form of debt financing and are often structured as either term loans with fixed repayment terms and interest rates or as lines of credit with variable interest rates. Other examples include equipment financing and business credit cards.

The U.S. Small Business Administration (SBA) offers several loan programs to assist small businesses. These loans are partially guaranteed by the SBA, making them more accessible to businesses that may not meet traditional lending criteria. Two common SBA loans are:

  • SBA 7(a) loans: General-purpose loans for working capital, equipment, or inventory.
  • SBA 504 loans: Specifically for purchasing fixed assets like real estate or equipment.

Debt financing suits businesses that have a steady cash flow, tangible assets, and a reasonable level of certainty regarding repayment. Consider factors such as interest rates, collateral requirements, repayment terms, and the ability to meet the financial covenant requirements that are often attached to debt arrangements.

Grants and Subsidies. Grants and subsidies are non-repayable funds provided by governments, organizations, or foundations to support specific activities, sectors, or initiatives. They are typically available for research and development, environmental projects, social enterprises, and not-for-profit organizations.

Grants and subsidies can provide valuable financial assistance without adding debt or diluting ownership. However, they often come with specific eligibility criteria, reporting requirements, and competition. The process to obtain grants or subsidies can also require specialized skills in navigating the application process.

When determining which financing type is right for your business, ask yourself the following questions:

  • How much funding is needed? Evaluate the total capital required to achieve your business objectives and ensure the financing option can meet those needs.
  • What are the company’s growth plans? Assess whether the financing option aligns with your growth strategy and can provide the necessary resources to expand operations.
  • What will the financing cost? Compare interest rates, fees, equity dilution, or any other costs associated with the financing option.
  • What is the company’s risk tolerance? Consider the risk appetite and determine whether you're comfortable taking on debt or sharing ownership in exchange for capital.
  • When do I need the cash? Determine how quickly you need funds and whether the financing option can meet your timeline.
  • What stage is the business in? Different financing options may be more suitable based on industry, business model, and stage of development.

Careful consideration should be given before jumping into a financing arrangement of any type. Valuable insights can be gained from discussions with your peers and financial advisors, but don’t lose sight of the unique circumstances that impact your company before making such an important decision.

If you have any questions or would like to discuss which financing type is suitable for your business, please contact us.

You may also like:

Contact the Author

Vanessa A. Zang, CPA

Vanessa A. Zang, CPA

Director, Audit & Accounting

ESOPs Specialist, Owner Operated Private Companies Specialist, Private Equity-Backed Companies Specialist

Contact Us

We invite you to connect with us to discuss your needs and learn more about the Kreischer Miller difference.
Contact Us
You are using an unsupported version of Internet Explorer. To ensure security, performance, and full functionality, please upgrade to an up-to-date browser.